post positivism and quantitative research

Scientific reasoning and common sense reasoning are essentially the same process, the difference between science and common sense is small. The methodology adopted by quantitative research is mostly experimental with focus on hypothesis testing. They argue that every research should be generalizable to some extent to similar situations. (i.e Literature? In other words, it rejects the choice associated with the paradigm wars. Will it not become mixed method? If so, what were the examiners comments? It highlights the importance of objectivity and the necessity to study observable components. To study a phenomenon you need to know about the situation that influenced it. Postpositivism has superseded positivism as the guiding paradigm of the scientific method. In addition to rigor, these studies are based on high validity, generalizability, and reliability. “A paradigm is a shared world view that represents the beliefs, and values in a discipline and that guides how problems are solved, (Schwandt, 2001).”. The constructivist believe that there is a constructed reality that is based on the experiences, circumstances, and situations. In that sense, pragmatism rejects a position between the two opposing viewpoints. Positivism and post positivism was precluded from use in this study for several reasons. If I use quantitative data initially and then triangulate it using interviews. Qualitative research paradigm was dominated by the constructivist approach to solve the problems. Most of the researches are associated with positivism, Interpretivism and not much with criticism. Most of its implications are based on the inability to assert, with certainty, that one's conclusions are true. However, the purpose of triangulation is not necessarily to cross-validate. What is the difference between Ontology and Epistomology? Furthermore, in social research, positivism refers to an approach to the study of society through scientific methods. Until the birth of the pragmatic paradigm it was believed that qualitative research cannot be combined with quantitative approach. 8 Positivist research, however, does not always rely on quantitative methods. The quantitative research paradigm dominated the scientific research until late 20th century. The quantitative research paradigm dominated the scientific research until late 20th century. Quantitative and Qualitative Paradigms of Research. A way You start Your research, has impact on its design and interpretation of research findings. In positivism studies the role of the researcher is limited to data collection and interpretation in an objective way. Positivism and post positivism were precluded from use in this study for several reasons. As a reaction to its orthodox nature towards quantitative empirical analytic based research, the researchers of social sciences and education came with the idea of mixed paradigm combining positivism and interpretivism and making a new paradigm named post-positivism (Petter & Gallivan and 2004 Deluca, Gallivan, Kock, 2008). The literature also states that one can triangulate being in post positivist stance where one of the types of triangulation is methodological triangulation in which more than one methods are used to collect the data. Knowledge of anything beyond that is impossible. Anyone please tell me if I am right about the two philosophical divisions? They believe that there is only one truth and explanation of a phenomenon that can be reached using empirical methods and quantitative methodologies. display: none !important; And hence, they form two different ways to solve the problem. They believe that a social reality can take its form from the experiences and beliefs of the people involved. This rigor implies that researcher controls all other variables that can effect the study. According to Krauss (2005), the paradigm the researcher selects determines the research methodology. The process the investigator uses to know that truth is quantitative in nature, this is epistemology. I am finding it hard at the moment, to decide in which of the two philosophies should I locate my study considering that it is a non experimental quantitative research. Paradigms of Research, Research Paradigm So, both studies have a different way to look at the research problem. As a doctrine, positivism believes the basis for knowledge and thought should depend on the scientific method. 5 This post provides a very brief overview of the two. involves different types of samples as well as methods of data collection. Any advice? Quantitative research quantifies variables and solves problems using numeric assessment. Defines the post-positivist approach to qualitative research as one that characterizes knowledge as neither conclusive, verifiable, or external to the human psyche. Chilisa, B., Barbara K. “Selecting a research approach: paradigm, methodology, and methods”. Framework?) - Averaging the items and then take correlation. Table of Contents; Foundations; Philosophy of Research; Positivism & Post-Positivism; Positivism & Post-Positivism. I have decided that Constructionism is going to be my epistemology, after I read Crotty (1998). Pragmatism is a deconstructive paradigm that advocates the use of mixed methods in research, “sidesteps the contentious issues of truth and reality” (Feilzer 2010, p. 8), and “focuses instead on ‘what works’ as the truth regarding the research questions under investigation” (Tashakkori & Teddlie 2003b, p. 713). As a philosophy, positivism adheres to the view that only “factual” knowledge gained through observation (the senses), including measurement, is trustworthy. Positivism is an epistemological position that holds that the goal of knowledge is simply to describe the phenomena that we experience. This rigor implies that researcher controls all other variables that can effect the study. Conversely, qualitative studies are based on studying social realities. Postpositivists pursue objectivity by recognizing the possible effects of biases. What is pragmatism? Every phenomenon is different due to the situation which caused it to happen. Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * I am a PhD scholar, employing parallel convergent mixed methods design with pragmatism as a paradigm. So how could i justify that among applying all this processes i have applied a post positivism approach. Hypothesis? On the other hand, interpretivism or post-positivism present the solution to a social reality. I have studied Post Positivism and the literature says that the methodology which can be followed in post positivism can be quantitative or qualitative.

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